Timeline of events 29 years before the birth of Augustine and 46 years after his death.during the lifetime of St. Augustine

358 AD

–first encounters of Germanic Goths and Asian Huns north of the Black Sea


–Theodosius, Roman emperor (r. 379-395); favored Christianity and made it into the official religion of the Roman empire (391); instigated persecution of pagans throughout the empire and the destruction of the pagan temple of Serapis (the Serapeum), along with the remaining collections of the former Library of Alexandria (also encouraged by Bishop Theophilus of Alexandria)


–death of Theodosius, division of the Roman empire into Eastern and Western


–death of Ambrose (339-397), Christian theologian who believed in the subordination of secular rulers to moral ecclesiastical authority; chastised Theodosius for atrocities like the massacre of the people of Thessalonica in Macedonia (390)


–massive westward movement of Germanic populations, fleeing the Huns, into Roman territories (406)


–Visigoths, led by Alaric, sack of  Rome

–Romans abandon Britain, recall of troops to defend Rome


–death of Jerome (340-420), Christian theologian, author of the Vulgate, the Latin translation of the Bible dominant during the Middle Ages


–death of Augustine of Hippo (354-430), Christian theologian author of the Confessions and The City of God


–Anglo-Saxon invasions of Britain (449)

–Attila, “the Scourge of God,” leader of the Asiatic tribe of the Huns (r. 433-453); persuaded by Pope Leo I to spare Rome (452)


–death of Saint Patrick (d. 461 or 493), Christian missionary and patron saint of Ireland


–September 4, Fall of the Roman Empire. Emperor Romulus Augustulus deposed by Odoacer/Odovacar, leader of the Germanic Scirii and Heruli (tribes which at that time were foederati or allies of the Romans)–




Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources

Medieval Studies Bibliographies > Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources

  1. Bibliographies and Reference Works
  1. Church Histories

III. Ecclesiastical Hierarchy and Religious Houses

  1. Monasticism and Religious Orders
  1. Religious Life of the Laity
  2. Topical Bibliographies

Note: The division between “historical” (State) and “ecclesiastical” (Church) sources is to some degree arbitrary but is a useful bibliographical expedient. Though many resources cover both areas, those listed in the separate bibliography on Medieval History and Historical Sources are generally not repeated here. Many resources in the separate bibliographies on Medieval Studies: General Bibliographies and Reference Works and Medieval Latin Literature are also relevant but are generally not repeated here.

  1. Bibliographies and Reference Works