HOW THE History of Christianity encourages a better knowledge of the Bible and excites the interest of the student. And how it makes the student more aware of the growth of the church

Event, document, The effect of knowing about the event or document
Luke chapter 9 and ten

Mentions that the apostles and then the 70 disciples were sent out.  We know the names of most of the 70.  Knowing that we have an additional background on what happened to them most became Bishops most were martyred

The names of the 70 appear in many places in the Bible but are not identified as members of the 70.

Romans chapter 16 Paul comments on many believers by name 12 of them are members of the 70 disciples.
Timeline of Paul’s Ministry Show how quickly the church grew after the resurrection.
Map of the 5 patriarchs

All were members of the 70 disciples.


Peter founded Byzantium in 45 ad before he was in Rome.  
Eastern Orthodox church We were never taught how important the eastern Orthodox church was.

Apostolic Fathers

the Didache has added one to the list. Chief in importance are the three first-century Bishops: St. Clement of RomeSt. Ignatius of Antioch, and St. Polycarp of Smyrna, of whose intimate personal relations with the Apostles there is no doubt. Clement, Bishop of Rome and third successor of St. Peter in the Papacy, “had seen the blessed Apostles [Peter and Paul] and had been conversant with them” (Irenaeus, Adv. Haer., III, iii, 3). Ignatius was the second successor of St. Peter in the See of Antioch

Reflects continuity of the church and reinforces the consistency of the church over time.
Missionary efforts to the barbarians show the dynamic nature of the church and its successes.  
Art and Geography Show that the church was not a “white Man’s” religion alone.




  1. Amplias, appointed by  Andrewas bishop of Lydda of Odyssopolis (Diospolis) in Judea. He died a martyr. Reference to in Romans 16:8.

  2. Ananias, who baptized St. Paul. He was the bishop of Damascus. He became a martyr by being stoned in Eleutheropolis. Reference to in Acts 9:10–17Acts 22:12

  3. Andronicus, bishop of Pannonia. Reference to in Romans 16:7

  4. Apelles, bishop of Heraclea (in Trachis). Reference to in Romans 16:10

  5. He was a bishop of several places over time: Crete (though this is questioned), Corinth, Smyrna, and Caesarea. Reference to in Acts 18:24Acts 19:11 Corinthians 1:121 Corinthians 3:4–221 Corinthians 4:61 Corinthians 16:12Titus 3:13

  6. He was martyred. Reference to in Acts 18:2Acts 18Acts 26Romans 16:31 Corinthians 16:192 Timothy 4:19

  7. Reference to in Colossians 4:17Philemon 2

  8. Aristarchus, bishop of Apamea in Syria. He was martyred under Nero. “Aristarchus, whom Paulmentions several times, calling him a ‘fellow laborer,’ became bishop of Apamea in Syria.” Orthodox Study Bible Reference to in Acts 19:29Acts 20:4Acts 27:2Colossians 4:10Philemon 24

  9. Aristobulus, bishop of Britain. “… the brother of the apostle Barnabas, preached the gospel in Great Britainand died peacefully there.” Orthodox Study Bible Reference to in Romans 16:14

  10. Artemas, bishop of Lystra in Lycia. Reference to in Titus 3:12

  11. Aristarchus, bishop of Hyracania in Asia. Reference to in Romans 16:14

  12. Barnabas. “A Jew of the Tribe of Levi, was born in Cyprusof wealthy parents. He is said to have studied under Gamaliel with Saul of Tarsus, who was to become Paul the apostle. Originally named Joseph, he was called Barnabas (Son of Consolation) by the apostles because he had a rare gift of comforting people’s hearts. He sought out Paul when everyone else was afraid of him, bringing him to the apostles. It was Barnabas whom the apostles first sent to Antioch with Paul. Their long association was broken only when Barnabas was determined to take his cousin Mark, whom Paul did not trust just then, on a missionary journey. The three were later reconciled. Many ancient accounts say Barnabas was the first to preach in Rome and in Milan, but he was martyred in Cyprus, then buried by Mark at the western gate of the city of Salamis.” Orthodox Study Bible Reference to in Acts 4:36Acts 9:27Acts 11–151 Corinthians 9:6Galatians 2:1, 9, 13Colossians 4:10

  13. Caesar, bishop of Dyrrhachium (in the Peloponneseof Greece)

  14. Carpus, bishop of Berroia (Verria, in Macedonia. Reference to in 2 Timothy 4:13

  15. Clement, bishop in Sardis. Reference to in Philippians 4:3

  16. Cephas, bishop of Iconium, Pamphyllia.

  17. Cleopas, was with the Lord on the road to Emmaus. Reference to in Luke 24:18John 19:25

  18. Crescens, later bishop of Galatia. He was martyred under the Emperor Trajan. Reference to in 2 Timothy 4:10

  19. Crispus, bishop of Aegina, Greece. Reference to in Acts 18:81 Corinthians 1:14

  20. Reference to in Colossians 1:7Colossians 4:12Philemon 23

  21. Epaphroditus, bishop of the Thracian city of Adriaca. Reference to in Philippians 2:25; 4:18

  22. Epaenetus, bishop of Carthage. Reference to in Romans 16:5

  23. He served as a deacon and steward to the Church of Jerusalem. Later he served in Palestine. Reference to in Acts 19:22Romans 16:23; 2 Timothy 4:20

  24. Euodias(Evodius), first bishop of Antioch after Peter. He wrote several compositions. At the age of sixty-six, under the Emperor Nero, he was martyred. Reference to in Philippians 4:2

  25. Reference to in 1 Corinthians 16:17

  26. Gaius, bishop of Ephesus. Reference to in Acts 19:29Acts 20:4Romans 16:231 Corinthians 1:143 John 1

  27. Hermas, bishop in Philipopoulis. He wrote The Shepherd of Hermas.He died a martyr. Reference to in Romans 16:14

  28. Hermes, bishop of Dalmatia. Reference to in Romans 16:14

  29. Herodion, a relative of the Apostle Paul, bishop of Neoparthia. He was beheaded in Rome. Reference to in Romans 16:11

  30. James, brother of the Lord(also called “the Less” or “the Just”). James was the Patriarch of Jerusalem. Reference to in Matthew 13:55Mark 6:3Acts 12:17Acts 15:13Epistle of James

  31. Jason, bishop of Tarsus. Traveling with Sosipater to Corfu, the two were able, after an attempt made at their lives by the king of Corfu, to convert his majesty. Reference to in Acts 17:5–9

  32. Justus, brother to the Lord and bishop of Eleutheropolis. He was the half-brother of Christ (as was Sts. James, Jude, and Simon) through Joseph’s previous marriage to Salome. He died a martyr. Reference to in Acts 1:23Acts 18:7Colossians 4:11

  33. Linus, bishop of Rome. Reference to in 2 Timothy 4:21

  34. Lucius, bishop of Laodicea. Reference to in Acts 13:1Romans 16:21

  35. Luke the Evangelist. He is the author of the Gospel of Luke, and the founder of Iconography(Orthodox Icon-writing). Reference to in Colossians 4:142 Timothy 4:11Philemon 24

  36. Mark the Evangelist(called John). He wrote the Gospel of Mark. He also founded the Church of Alexandria, serving as its first bishop. Reference to in Acts 12:12Acts 25Acts 15:37–39Colossians 4:102 Timothy 4:11Philemon 241 Peter 5:13

  37. Mark

  38. Narcissus, ordained by the Apostle Philip as bishop of Athens, Greece. Reference to in Romans 16:11

  39. Nicanor, one of the original seven deacons. He was martyred on the same day as the Promartyr Stephen. Reference to in Acts 6:5

  40. Olympas, beheaded with St. Peterunder Nero. Reference to in Romans 16:15

  41. Onesimus preached the Gospel in many cities. He was made bishop of Ephesus, and later bishop of Byzantium(Constantinople). He was martyred under the Emperor Trajan. Reference to in Colossians 4:9Philemon 10

  42. Onesiphorus, bishop of Colophon (Asia Minor), and later of Corinth. He died a martyr in Parium. Reference to in 2 Timothy 1:16; 4:19

  43. Parmenas, one of the original seven deacons. He preached throughout Asia Minor, and later settled in Macedonia. He was a bishop of Soli. He died a martyr in Macedonia. Reference to in Acts 6:5

  44. Patrobus, bishop of Neapolis (Naples). Reference to in Romans 16:14

  45. Philemon. He, with his wife Apphia, and the apostle Archippus, were martyred by pagans during a pagan feast. Reference to in Philemon 1

  46. Philip the Deacon (one of the original seven). He was born in Palestine, and later preached throughout its adjoining lands. In Acts, he converts a eunuch (an official) of Candace, queen of Ethiopia, to Christ. He was later made bishop by the apostles at Jerusalem, who also sent him to Asia Minor. Reference to in Acts 6Acts 8Acts 21:8

  47. Philologus, ordained bishop of Sinope (near the Black sea) by the Apostle Andrew. Reference to in Romans 16:15

  48. Phlegon, bishop of Marathon, in Thrace. Reference to in Romans 16:14

  49. Prochorus, one of the original seven deacons. He was made bishop of Nicomedia by  Peter. He was later banished with the Apostle John (John the Theologian) to the Island of Patmos. In Antioch, he died a martyr. Reference to in Acts 6:5

  50. Pudens (Pastorum). He was an esteemed member of the Roman Senate, then received Sts. Peter and Paul into his home, and was converted to Christby them. He was martyred under Nero. Reference to in Acts 6:5

  51. Quadratus, bishop of Athens. He was author of the Apologia. He was stoned, but survived. Soon-after, he died of starvation in prison.

  52. Quartus, bishop of Beirut. Reference to in Romans 16:23

  53. Rufus, bishop of Thebes, Greece. Reference to in Mark 15:21Romans 16:13

  54. Silas (Silvanus), bishop of Corinth. Reference to in Acts 15:22–40Acts 16:19–40Acts 17:4–15Acts 18:52 Corinthians 1:191 Thessalonians 1:12 Thessalonians 1:11 Peter 5:12

  55. Simeon, son of Cleopas. “Simeon, son of Cleopas (who was the brother of Joseph, the betrothed of the Virgin Mary), succeeded James as bishop of Jerusalem.” Orthodox Study Bible. He was martyred through torture and crucifixion, at the age of one-hundred. Reference to in Matthew 13:55Mark 6:3

  56. Sosipater, ordained bishop of Iconium by the Apostle Paul, his relative. With St. Jason, he converted the king of Corfu. Reference to in Romans 16:21

  57. “… became bishop of Caesarea.” Orthodox Study Bible Reference to in 1 Corinthians 1:1

  58. Stachys, ordained by  Andrewto be bishop of Byzantium. Reference to in Romans 16:9

  59. Stephen the Promartyrand Archdeacon (one of the original seven deacons). Reference to in Acts 6:5–7:60Acts 8:2 (Acts 6:5–8:2); Acts 11:19Acts 22:20

  60. Tertius, bishop of Iconium (after Sosipater). He wrote down St. Paul’s letter to the Romans. He died a martyr. Reference to in Romans 16:22

  61. He was baptized by John the Baptist(John the Forerunner). He later preached, and founded a Church in Beirut. Reference to in Matthew 10:3Mark 3:18

  62. Timon, one of the original seven deacons, and later bishop of Bostra (in Arabia). He was thrown into a furnace, but emerged unharmed. Reference to in Acts 6:5

  63. Timothy. He accompanied  Pauloften, and both 1 and 2 Timothy are addressed to him. He was ordained bishop of Ephesus by St. Paul. He died a martyr. Reference to in Acts 16:1Acts 17:14Acts 15Acts 18:5Acts 19:22Acts 20:4Romans 16:21; 1 and 2 Timothy

  64. Titus. “Among the more prominent of the seventy was the apostle Titus, whom Paulcalled his brother and his son. Born in Crete, Titus was educated in Greek philosophy, but after reading the prophet Isaiah he began to doubt the value of all he had been taught. Hearing the news of the coming of Jesus Christ, he joined some others from Crete who were going to Jerusalem to see for themselves. After hearing Jesus speak and seeing His works, the young Titus joined those who followed Him. Baptized by the apostle Paul, he worked with and served the great apostle of the gentiles, traveling with him until Paul sent him to Crete, making him bishop of that city. It is said that Titus was in Rome at the time of the beheading of St. Paul and that he buried the body of his spiritual father before returning home. Back in Crete, he converted and baptized many people, governing the Church on that island until he entered into rest at the age of ninety-four.” Orthodox Study Bible Reference to in 2 Corinthians 2:132 Corinthians 7:6–142 Corinthians 8:6–232 Corinthians 12:18Galatians 2:1–3; Epistle to Titus

  65. Trophimus, disciple of  Paul, and martyred under Nero. Reference to in Acts 20:4Acts 21:292 Timothy 4:20

  66. “… succeeded him (Sosthenes, as bishop) in that city (of Caesarea).” Orthodox Study Bible. He delivered St. Paul’s letter to the Ephesians and Colossians. Reference to in Acts 20:4Ephesians 6:21Colossians 4:72 Timothy 4:12Titus 3:12

  67. Urbanus, ordained by the Apostle Andrewas bishop of Macedonia. He died a martyr. Reference to in Romans 16:9

  68. Zenas (called ‘the lawyer’), bishop of Diospolis (Lydda), in Palestine. Reference to in Titus 3:13